Catalonia events


878 Guifré I, the Hairy, begins the dynasty of Barcelona.

985 Razzia of Almanzor that destroys Barcelona.

988 Borrell II breaks the vassalage with the Franks.

1137 Dynastic union with the Kingdom of Aragon (Ramon Berenguer IV Petronila of Aragon).

1148-1149 Conquest of Tortosa and Lleida.

1213 Battle of Muret: end of rule in Occitania.

1218 The Cortes are born in Catalonia.

1229 Conquest of Mallorca.

1,235 Conquest of Ibiza and Formentera.

1238 Conquest of Valencia.

1274 Creation of the Council of Cent (Barcelona).

1282 Conquest of Sicily.

1287 Conquest of Menorca.

1323-1324 Conquest of Sardinia.

1348 The Black Death.

1359 Creation of the Generalitat of Catalonia.

1410 Martí I, the Humane, dies without descendants. End of the Barcelona dynasty.

1410-1412 Inter kingdom.

1412 Compromise of Caspe, The Trastamara, new reigning dynasty.

1443 Conquest of Naples.

1462-1472 Civil War.

1479 Dynastic union with the Kingdom of Castile (Ferdinand II-Isabel of Castile).

1481 Constitution of the Observance. Inscription in the election to public office.

1484 Introduction of the Inquisition in Catalonia.

1486 Guadalupe arbitration award.

1492 Expulsion of the Jews.

1.494 Creation of the Council of Aragon.

1640-1652 Reapers’ War. Corpus de Sangre (June 1640).

1641 Catalan government under the protectorate of the French monarchy (until 1652).

1652 End of the Reapers’ War. Capitulation of Barcelona.

1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees. Catalonia north of the Pyrenees to France.

1700 Charles II dies without issue. Philip of Anjou, successor.

1702-1714 War of Succession (Philip of Anjou-Charles of Austria).

1711 Charles of Austria inherits the German Empire.

1713 Treaty of Utrecht. The Allies sign peace with Philip V.

1714 End of the War of the Spanish Succession. Fall of Barcelona (11 September). Abolition of Catalan institutions.

1716 Decree of the Nueva Planta of Catalonia. New political-administrative structure under the Castilian pattern.

1737 Founding of the first Indian cotton factory (in Barcelona).

1773 Quintas uproar.

1778 Decree of Free Trade with America.

1789 River of Bread overflows. Beginning of the French Revolution (until 1799).

1808 Invasion by French troops (Napoleon). Beginning of the French War.


  1808 Mutiny of Aranjuez. Abdication of Bayonne. Constitution of Bayonne. Beginning of the French War (until 1814). Entry of French troops into Catalonia. Junta Superior de Catalunya.

1810 Cortes de Cádiz.

1812 Constitution of Cadiz. De facto annexation of Catalonia to the French Empire.

1814 End of the French War. Armistice and evacuation of French troops, return of Ferdinand VII. Manifesto of the Persians.

1820 Pronunciamiento de Riego. Beginning of the Liberal Triennium (until 1823).

1823 Intervention of the Hundred Thousand Sons of St Louis.

1824 Independence of Spanish America.

1827 Malcontents’ War.

1833 Territorial division of the state into provinces. Start of the First Carlist War (until 1840). Founding in Barcelona of the Bonaplata factory (first steam factory) (destroyed in 1835). Beginning of the Renaissance.

1834 Royal Charter.

1836-37 Disentailment laws (Mendizábal) and disentailment.

1836 Founding of the company Nueva Vulcano. Re-establishment of the University of Barcelona.

1837 Progressive constitution.

1839 Bergara Agreement.

1840 End of the First Carlist War. Law on Town Councils. Constitution in Barcelona of the Weavers’ Association (first workers’ association).

1842 Uprising in Barcelona against Espartero and bombardment of the city.

1845 Moderate constitution.

1846 War of the Early Risers (Second Carlist War) in Catalonia (until 1849).

1847 Founding of the company La España Industrial.

1848 Road Board of Catalonia. Barcelona-Mataró Railway.

1851 Concordat with the Holy See.

1855 Founding of La Maquinista Terrestre y Marítima in Barcelona. General confiscation by Madoz. Railway law. First general strike in Catalonia.

1859 Approval of the project for the Eixample de Barcelona (Cerdà). Restoration of the Floral Games.

1862 Cotton crisis (cotton famine) (until 1865).

1866 Economic and financial crisis.

1867 Ostend Pact.

1868 September Revolution (La Gloriosa). Fall of Isabella II. First Cuban War begins (until 1879).

1869 Progressive constitution.

1872 The Third Carlist War begins (until 1876).

1873 Abdication of Amadeo I and proclamation of the First Spanish Republic. Cantonal insurrection.

1874 Pavía coup d’état. Pronunciation by Martínez Campos.

1875 Alfonso XII arrives in Spain: the Bourbon Restoration.

1876 New Constitution. End of the Third Carlist War.

1879 Phylloxera crossed the Pyrenees and in ten years destroyed almost all the Catalan vineyards.

1885 Memorial de Greuges, end of the gold rush period (from 1871).

1888 Barcelona Universal Exhibition.

1890 Universal suffrage. First 1 May.

1891 Strong rabassaire agitation (until 1896).

1892 Bases de Manresa.

1895 Cuban insurrection begins. Replanting of the vineyard with American vines begins.

1896 Separatist uprising in the Philippines.

1898 War with the USA. Treaty of Paris: loss of colonies (Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines).


  1901 Founding of the Regionalist League.

1902 End of María Cristina’s regency (from 1885). Reign of Alfonso XIII (until 1931).

1906 Founding of Catalan Solidarity. Algeciras Conference.

1907 Founding of Solidaridad Obrera.

1909 Tragic Week (Barcelona, July).

1911 Constitution of the CNT.

1914 Constitution of the Mancomunitat of Catalonia (abolished in 1925).

1917 Assembly of Parliamentarians. Defence Boards.

1921 Annual Disaster.

1923 Primo de Rivera’s coup d’état.

1924 Creation of the Patriotic Union.

1926 End of the Moroccan War.

1927 Creation of the FAI.

1930 Resignation of Primo de Rivera. San Sebastian Pact. Republican coup d’état in Jaca (Huesca).

1931 Founding of ERC. Municipal elections. Proclamation of the Second Republic. Alcalá Zamora, President. Macià proclaims the Catalan Republic. Establishment of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Statute of Núria. General elections. Azaña government. New Constitution.

1932 Coup d’état by General Sanjurjo. Agrarian Reform Law. Anarchist revolt in Alto Llobregat. Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia, election of the Catalan Parliament. Macià, President of Catalonia.

1933 Founding of Falange Española. General elections. Lerroux government. Founding of the Catalan League. Companys, President of the Generalitat.

1934 Law on Cultivation Contracts. Events of the Sixth of October (Companys proclaims the Catalan state), arrest of the Generalitat government. Revolution in Asturias.

1935 Suspension of the Catalan Statute. Lerroux resigns.

1936 Formation of the Popular Front. General elections (victory of the Left Front). Azaña, President of the Republic; Casares Quiroga, head of government, return of Companys and re-establishment of the Generalitat. Beginning of the Civil War (July). Governments Franco (Nationalist zone) and Giral and Largo Caballero (Republican zone). CNT-FAI controls Catalonia. Founding of the PSUC.

1937 Bombing of Guernica. Negrín government (Republican zone). Barcelona, capital of the Republic.

1938 Franco’s government decrees the abolition of the Statute of Catalonia. Battle of the Ebro. Final offensive on Catalonia.

1939 End of the Civil War (April). Francoist regime throughout Spain. Founding of the National Front of Catalonia.

1940 Execution of President Companys.

1942 Constitution of the Spanish Cortes.

1945 Manifesto of Juan de Borbón. Fuero de los Españoles.

1947 Festivities for the enthronement of the Virgin of Montserrat.

1950 SEAT in Barcelona.

1951 Tramway strike in Barcelona.

1952 Barcelona Eucharistic Congress.

1953 Spain-USA Pact. Concordat with the Holy See.

1954 Tarradellas, President of the Generalitat in exile.

1955 Spain joins the UN.

1958 Fundamental Principles of Movement Act.

1959 Founding of ETA. Stabilisation Plan.

1960 Events at the Palau de la Música Catalana.

1961 The New Song.

1964 I Development Plan.

1966 Founding of the Democratic Students’ Union (la Caputxinada). Organic Law of the State.

1968 II Development Plan.

1969 Franco appoints Juan Carlos de Borbón as his successor.

1971 Founding of the Assembly of Catalonia.

1972 III Development Plan.

1973 The economic crisis begins. ETA attack on Carrero Blanco.

1975 Death of Franco. Juan Carlos I becomes king. Beginning of the democratic transition process. Arias Navarro’s continuist government.

1976 Suárez, head of government. Law on Political Reform. Appearance of the newspaper

1977 Political Associations Act. General elections (UCD victory). Pact of La Moncloa, restoration of the Generalitat of Catalonia. Return of President Tarradellas.

1978 Statute of Sau New Constitution (December).

1979 General elections (UCD victory) and municipal elections. Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia.

1980 Elections to the Catalan Parliament (victory for CiU). Pujol, President of the Generalitat.

1981 Suárez resigns. Coup d’état of 23 F. Calvo Sotelo, President of the Government.

1982 Spain joins NATO. General elections (PSOE victory). González, President of the Government.

1983 Municipal elections. Industrial restructuring begins. Creation of TV3.

1984 Elections to the Parliament of Catalonia (victory for CiU).

1986 Spain joins the EEC. NATO referendum. General elections (PSOE victory).

1987 Municipal and European elections.

1988 Elections to the Catalan Parliament (victory for CiU).

1989 European and general elections (PSOE victory).

1990 Approval of LOGSE (reform of the education system).

1991 Municipal elections.

1992 Elections to the Catalan Parliament (victory for CiU). XXV Olympiad in Barcelona.

1993 General elections (PSOE victory).

1994 European elections.

1995 Municipal and Catalan Parliament elections (victory for CiU).

1996 General elections (PP victory). Aznar, president of the government.

1999 Municipal, European and Catalan parliamentary elections (victory for CiU).

2000 General elections (PP victory).

Enric Giné I Orengo

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